immune response Tag

Specific proteins within infected cells trigger an innate immune response known as the interferon response. As a result, neighboring cells are activated, which can cause the primarily infected cell to die. Invertebrates also have a mechanism involved in the immune response, called the RNA interference pathway, or RNAi. The RNAi is triggered by a RNA...

Industrialized nations might be too clean. The “hygiene hypothesis” suggests that decreased exposure to microbes and certain worms in industrialized areas could lead to incompletely developed immune regulation that controls specific inflammatory responses. These uncontrolled inflammatory responses are the culprit in leading to autoimmune disorders such as type-1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and lupus. Developing...