diabetes Tag

Autoimmune diseases that affect millions of people—including  type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis,  and asthma—which mystifyingly cause the immune system to damage tissues in our bodies, may harbor a complex genetic component, a new study finds. This discovery could prompt better diagnosis and someday, better treatment options. A team of scientists from UC San Francisco,...

Researchers seeking a cure for Type 1 diabetes may be a giant step closer to the prize. For most people with this chronic condition, the immune system goes awry, destroying insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. When a substantial number of these cells are wiped out, little or no insulin is produced. With no insulin to...

Artificial sweeteners, put forth as a panacea for weight loss and diabetes prevention, may instead spur our chances of developing glucose intolerance and metabolic disease by altering the workings of gut microbiota – the large group of bacteria in our intestines, according to an interesting and much-discussed study. The findings are published in the journal Nature. Glucose...

Our internal biological clock (or circadian clock) plays an important role in regulating the daily rhythms of human behavior and biology. The human circadian clock enables maximum expression of genes at appropriate times of day to help the body adapt to the earth’s rotation. Desynchronization of the clock with the environment can affect physiological performance...

A bionic pancreas developed by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Boston University could help normalize life for diabetics. The newly-developed pancreas automatically monitors blood sugar using a wireless glucose monitor that sends a signal to an iPhone app every five minutes. The app determines how much insulin should be injected via a pump...

Medicine that is already used to treat cancer patients has been shown effective at preventing the development of type 1 diabetes, while also protecting insulin-producing cells from being destroyed. Findings from the study performed by researchers from the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at the University of Copenhagen were published in the distinguished science...

Source: http://stanmed.stanford.edu/2013fall/article10.html Imagine going to your doctor for a routine physical examination.  At some point your physician asks you to imbibe some exotic concoction.  A few hours later, you have a bowel movement: one that your doctor collects and shines ultraviolet light upon.  He’s looking for your solid waste material to shine back at him; you...

Industrialized nations might be too clean. The “hygiene hypothesis” suggests that decreased exposure to microbes and certain worms in industrialized areas could lead to incompletely developed immune regulation that controls specific inflammatory responses. These uncontrolled inflammatory responses are the culprit in leading to autoimmune disorders such as type-1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and lupus. Developing...

Researchers at Johns Hopkins made big steps towards the eventual creation of customized blood vessels this month. Creating new blood vessel networks from stem cells, the scientists were able to successfully transplant them into laboratory mice. The manufactured blood vessel network, which is produced through the reprogramming of ordinary cells, is a big accomplishment in...