Neuroscience

A neuroscience study being conducted at USC has led researchers to connect abnormal levels of fear in mice models with a missing brain protein. Small amounts of learned fear are not only normal, they are actually healthy. Fear makes us cognizant of our important decisions, and keeps animals and humans from making unnecessarily risky choices. But there...

Scientists at the Massey Cancer Center at Virginia Commonwealth University are conducting a fascinating preclinical study on a novel new drug. The clinical applications of an ATM inhibitor are varied, but the most exciting of its uses is related to its ability to increase the effectiveness of radiation treatment on glioblastoma multiforme. GBM is the deadliest...

Scientists and cell biology experts at the University of Michigan’s Medical School have taken a stem-cell-based approach to studying the origins and possible treatment routes for epilepsy. Converting skin cells from current epilepsy patients into stem cells, the scientists could turn those stem cells into neurons. Utilizing these brain nerve cells, the team was then...

Infectious pathogens known as prions are responsible for illnesses like Mad Cow Disease. But recent news points to the true cause of the protein’s destructive nature, and why some prion proteins remain completely harmless while others become toxic. Prion protein occurs naturally in the human brain cell membrane. Sometimes, those normally harmless proteins will morph or...

A new neuroscience study from the Wayne State University of Medicine may have identified the first real insight into the neural origins of the uncomfortable hot flashes experienced by menopausal women. Until now, every study attempting to understand the body’s response to thermoregulatory events has been carried out by applying heat stimuli to the skin. But a...

Engineers have created a brand new, three dimensional hydrogel that mimics the conditions of the human brain better than any previous gel. The clinical applications of the new hydrogel are varied, but at the moment it’s giving researchers a whole new way to study glioblastoma multiforme – an aggressive and notoriously deadly form of brain cancer. Traditionally, researchers...

A new clinical application of some psychedelic drugs may provide a surprising new method for treating PTSD and related disorders. Found naturally in some mushrooms, psilocybin is a compound that stimulates certain serotonin receptors inside the human brain. Used for years in religious ceremonies by non-western cultures and people, psilocybin is best known for its psychedelic...

Neuroscience researchers at Virginia Tech’s Carilion Research Institute have made a discovery that links schizophrenia and bipolar disorder to a brain protein pathway critical in the formation of long-term memories. Rap1 is a protein pathway found in the brain, and it’s responsible for controlling the L-type calcium channels that assist in the formation of long-term memories....

A team of neuroscientists at UCLA’s Center for Sleep Research has made a discovery that could signal a major find in the search for a cause and eventual cure for narcolepsy. Characterized by random, uncontrollable periods of deep sleep, the disorder has baffled the neuroscience community for years, and affects roughly one in every 3,000...

Researchers at Arizona State University have discovered a way to reverse brain aging in older honeybees, by giving them the kinds of responsibilities normally handled by much younger bees. The study and subsequent clinical applications may give us a new look at how social intervention and responsibility can bolster drug therapies in the fight against...