Neuroscience

Chefs, foodies, and international diners can all attest to the fact that Szechuan peppers give you a food experience unlike any other. China’s favorite spicy condiment, Szechuan peppers deliver a tingly experience straight to your lips. Not necessarily spicy on their own, the lemony Szechuan peppers are often paired with hot chilies and spices to really...

The first large-scale study on a possible link between parents with autoimmune diseases and children with autism has yielded some surprising results. The research, which emerged following a study of nearly 3,000 mothers of autistic children, was conducted at New York’s Center for Autoimmune and Musculoskeletal Disorders at the Feinstein Institute. The study was able to...

Researchers from Cornell University and the Institute for Human Neuroscience have created a test to distinguish between healthy aging and cognitive decline due to Alzheimer’s disease years before symptoms appear. Memory abilities don’t necessarily decline with age. The team looked at two kinds of memory, reconstructive and recollective. Reconstructive memory is recalling a word or event...

Left mostly to their own devices, a group of intrepid human stem cells at Vienna’s Austrian Academy of Science knitted themselves into tissue with a variety of brain structures and specialized groups of neurons. In essence, they created a BB-sized neural ball reminiscent of a nine-week-old fetus brain. And while the clumps of tissue are still...

According to a recent study from the University of Rochester Medical Center’s Neurosurgery Department, copper seems to be one of the main environmental factors to trigger the onset and progression of Alzheimer’s disease. The results of the study point to the accumulation of toxic proteins within the brain, which are prevented from escaping -- thanks,...

Researchers at Penn State are figuring out a way to deliver drugs in uniform capsules as an easier and more controlled method of brain cancer treatment. Brain cancer is one of the deadliest diseases in the world. Typical treatment includes invasive tumor resection, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy treatment targeting brain tumors is difficult because drugs...

Deciding on those in most need for immediate help, when it comes to suicidal ideations, has been a difficult task for physicians. Knowing who needs the most assistance has always been dependent upon self-reported systems and concerned family members. All too often, patients are less than forthcoming about their emotional and mental states. But now,...

Inhibiting specific enzymes involved with the genetic machinery aiding in brain development could cause Autism. Researchers at the Neuroscience Center, University of North Carolina have shown the importance of topoisomerase dysfunction in brain, and specifically synapse, development. Topoisomerases are in all human cells and help to untangle tightly wound or overwound DNA, which can interfere with...

Scripps Research Institute scientists recently published findings that could allow for the future development of more effective drugs for the treatment of addiction. The results of the studies demonstrated that one active compound – known as 6’-GNTI – maintains a strong bias towards a single biological pathway, which is a huge step towards finding an addiction...

When certain hormones are missing in the womb, the deprived fetus might be at a greater risk of suffering from high anxiety later in life. Researchers at Cardiff University are interested in how disrupting the delicate balance of hormones during fetal development can influence emotional behaviors as an adult. Development is very complex, with lots of...